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Da Vinci surgeon / most sophisticated surgical instrument

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The Da Vinci Surgical System is the most sophisticated surgical instrument in existence. he obeys the surgeon while increasing his ability to operate with precision and dexterity, reducing tremor and providing an exceptionally clear view of the patient’s anatomy.

In 2000, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized the application of the Da Vinci robotic system in laparoscopic surgeries. At that time, the wounded soldiers in Iraq were operated by surgeons from Washington through robots carried in surgical units.

It consists of three modules:
– An ergonomic console, in which the surgeon sits and operates the robot
– A surgical cart, responsible for holding and moving the instruments
– And a vision tower, which controls two cameras so that the images are the same.

The da Vinci system is a surgical robot that presents similarity for example with the automotive assembly chains,

The robot has 4 arms, which are introduced into the body, one carries the camera and the other three instruments, gives you the opportunity to have 2 right arms and one left.

In general, all cases that can be treated with conventional video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery can be treated with robotic thoracic surgery. Also, in any thoracic intervention whose objective is the total extirpation of the tumor tissue.

As the movement is more precise and have better vision quality, the risks of a wrong maneuver are minimal and the risks of accidents are reduced to almost zero.

– In a short time, the weak point of the robot, which is the transmission of the signal from the surgeon’s console to the robotic arm that is inside the patient, can be technologically refined. When this happens, you can operate even with a robot to patients who are in another hospital, even in another country.

They are working on a computer model, capable of recognizing the different structures of the body (arteries, veins, nerves, etc. this would allow the surgeon to identify in advance surgical sites of higher risk, thus preventing possible surgical accidents.

Advantage
• More precise excision of a tumor tissue
• Faster recovery
• Less blood loss
• Lowest risk of complications
• Shorter hospital stay
• Decrease in accidents
• Safety to the surgeon

“His third model is in 3D, that is, it allows the surgeon greater depth of field, which is supremely important,” says cardiovascular surgeon Juan Santiago Jaramillo Isaza, of Cardiovid.

The robot allows 360 degrees rotations, for example, capacity that does not have the wrist of any human being. “A great advantage and importance from the surgical point of view”, adds Jaramillo Isaza.

The great enemy of the massification of this technology is cost. According to a report from the newspaper El País, of Spain, the Imed Valencia hospital paid for the robot Da Vinci XI 2.5 million euros.

“In addition, it is necessary to replace frequently the devices that are put in each one of the arms of the robot, what increases the cost of each intervention”, comments Jaramillo Isaza.

Source text: diario el pais

Source video: da Vinci Surgery

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