Isaac Asimov was born in 1920 in a family of millers from Petróvichi, in Soviet Russia. He was the eldest of three brothers. (Creator of 3 Laws of Robotic).
His parents, Jewish origin, went into exile at the beginning of the wave of anti-Semitism that swept Europe in the early twentieth century and arrived in Brooklyn (New York) in 1923. Asimov never learned Russian but Yiddish, the language spoken in his home.
He learned to read self-taught at five years of age and worked at his father’s knick knacks, where he discovered the science fiction genre. He convinced his father that they were not junk literature because he carried the word “science” in the title.
He published for the first time at age 19 after linking a series of works in the university.
Although his family continued to follow (with decreasing rigor) the orthodox traditions, they never tried to impose them on their children.
He maintained a progressive ideology throughout his life and sympathized with the Democratic Party.
She defined herself as a feminist and believed that women’s rights were strongly linked to the control of the population, which she considered a serious problem.
He was a defender of homosexuality, which he considered a “moral right”, like any other consensual sexual activity among adults that did not pursue reproduction.
He was abstemious for much of his life, as he got drunk easily.
He married twice: with the Canadian Gertrude Blugerman in 1942, after a blind date on Valentine’s Day that same year; and with the psychoanalyst and writer Janet Oppal Jepson in 1973, two weeks after divorcing. He had two children from his first marriage.
He met his second wife when he signed an autograph in a science fiction convection in 1956. They met again in 1959 during a dinner of mystery writers. They sat together and the attraction was immediate.
When the Second World War broke out he was recruited but, nine months later, a bureaucratic error removed him from service with honors. He was very bad at physical activity.
He was afraid of needles and blood, but what terrified him most was flying.
In 1948 he obtained a doctorate in Biochemistry and entered as a professor at Boston University.
It is estimated that he wrote, co-wrote and edited more than 500 books and about 9,000 postal documents.
His most enduring contributions, as he himself predicted, are the Three Laws of Robotics and the Foundation’s saga. Great writings of science fiction. He received all the great prizes of the genre, among them eight Hugo, two Nébulas and three Locus.
He was a founding member of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of the Affirmations of the Paranormal (nowadays, the Committee for the Skeptical Investigation), whose mission is to discredit superstition and pseudoscience.
He chaired for seven years the United States Humanitarian Association, defender of rational thought and the belief that the great evils and achievements of history are due to the human being and not to any supernatural entity.
His style as a writer is austere and sober, with hardly any description or action. Almost everything is developed through dialogue in little-drawn environments and not very detailed characters. This does not mean that their narrative structures are complex. His style as an essayist and disseminator is simple, nothing technical, which makes it very accessible to almost any reader.
His major themes are the paternalism of robots and humanist, scientific and rationalist thought, which always wins in ideological conflicts, which populates his work with an optimism not common in the genres he dealt with, neither then nor now.
In his last years he became a regular at the conventions of fans and cruise ships, in which he sometimes gave lectures on science.
He died on April 6, 1992 after a coronary and kidney failure.
In 2002, his widow revealed that she had contracted AIDS through a transfusion of contaminated blood during an operation in 1983.
The Nobel Prize for Economics Paul Krugman has ensured that Asimov’s concept of psychohistory inspired him to become an economist.
The crater and the asteroid (5020) Asimov, both on Mars, have been baptized in his honor. It also has a school and a literary prize in its name.
Famous quotes of Isaac Asimov
“Never allow the sense of morality to prevent you from doing what is right.”
“The Bible, correctly read, is the most powerful argument for atheism ever conceived.”
“There is no belief, however stupid, that it does not gather its faithful followers who will defend it until death.”
“There are many aspects of the universe that can not yet be satisfactorily explained by science, but ignorance only implies the ignorance that one day it can be conquered. Surrendering to ignorance and calling it God has always been premature, and it is still premature today. ”
“I have a feeling that the main tourist attraction on the Moon will be its sky, much more magnificent than Ours. ”
The Three Laws of Robotics:
1. A robot can not harm a human being or, by inaction, allow a human being to suffer damage.
2 A robot must obey the orders given by humans except when such orders come into conflict with the First Law.
3 A robot must protect its own existence as far as this protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
Source text: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Asimov
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